In clinical trials, only 0. People who have myasthenia gravis , a condition that causes muscle weakness, may develop worsening symptoms or breathing problems. People with a history of allergic reactions to macrolides or ketolides should not take azithromycin. People should not rely on azithromycin to treat syphilis. A person should speak to a doctor about any existing heart, kidney, and liver conditions before taking azithromycin, including an irregular heartbeat and especially QT prolongation.
A large cohort study found a small increase in the risk of cardiovascular death among people taking azithromycin. The risk was higher among those with other risk factors for heart disease , such as smoking, low physical activity levels, and a high body mass index BMI. The study reported that when compared with amoxicillin, there were 47 additional cardiovascular deaths per 1 million azithromycin prescriptions. Among people with the highest risk of heart disease, there were more deaths per 1 million courses of azithromycin.
This suggests that other antibiotics, such as amoxicillin, may be a safer option for people with heart disease or certain types of heart arrythmias. In , the FDA issued a warning about the long term use of azithromycin in people with certain blood or lymph node cancers who have stem cell transplants. Emerging research has suggested that azithromycin may increase the risk of cancer relapse in these people. Following a stem cell transplant, some people take azithromycin to reduce the risk of an inflammatory lung condition called bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome.
The FDA have not approved azithromycin for this use, however. Rarely, azithromycin can cause liver toxicity. People should stop taking the drug and call their doctor if they develop any symptoms of liver problems, including dark urine, itching, or yellow eyes.
Azithromycin (Oral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic
In newborns younger than 42 days old , azithromycin may cause a dangerous condition called infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Caregivers should contact a doctor if a baby becomes irritable or vomits when eating. For example, using azithromycin while taking nelfinavir, which is a drug that helps treat HIV , can increase the risk of liver abnormalities and hearing problems.
A person should tell a doctor about all current medications, supplements, and remedies before taking azithromycin. Always speak to a doctor before stopping taking medications. Studies of animals who received very large doses of azithromycin did not find an increased risk of miscarriage or birth defects. Although it is generally safe to use when breastfeeding, azithromycin may cause diarrhea, vomiting, or a rash in some babies.
A person should tell a doctor if they are pregnant, might be pregnant, or are breastfeeding before taking azithromycin. If a nursing infant develops side effects while the parent is taking azithromycin, call a doctor for advice. The brand name version of azithromycin Zithromax is typically more expensive than the generic version. Azithromycin treats many of the same infections that drugs such as penicillin and amoxicillin can treat.
A doctor may prescribe azithromycin as an alternative to other antibiotics because it typically requires a shorter course. It is also a good option for people with a history of allergies to other medications, or when other antibiotics do not work. Because the risk of heart health problems is higher with azithromycin than with some other antibiotics, people with heart disease or arrhythmias should ask their doctor about trying a different antibiotic.
Azithromycin is an antibiotic that can treat many types of bacterial infection. It can also prevent these infections from getting worse or spreading. Like all antibiotics, it presents some risks, so it is important to only take it under the guidance of a medical professional. Doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat bacterial infections.
However, they can cause side effects, such as digestive issues, fungal infections, and…. Alcohol can interact with some antibiotics. This interaction can reduce their effectiveness or cause mild to severe side effects. In this article, we…. Azithromycin is a drug that has uses in treating bacterial infections. Mixing with alcohol may cause issues including nausea, headache, and dizziness…. Cephalexin, also spelled cefalexin, is an antibiotic.
It belongs to a class of antibiotics known as first-generation cephalosporins, which doctors use…. Clindamycin is an antibiotic drug. This article provides an overview of clindamycin, including what it can treat, how much doctors recommend taking…. Uses How to take Side effects Warnings Interactions Pregnancy and breastfeeding Cost Compared with other antibiotics Summary Azithromycin Zithromax is an antibiotic that can help treat certain bacterial infections.
However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. Always speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you. Azithromycin is used for short-term treatment. For this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times. If you take too much: You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body.
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This may cause liver damage or irregular heart rhythm. If your symptoms are severe, call or go to the nearest emergency room right away. What to do if you miss a dose: Take your dose as soon as you remember.
But if you remember just a few hours before your next scheduled dose, take only one dose. Never try to catch up by taking two doses at once. This could result in dangerous side effects. If you take too much azithromycin, you could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. This may cause liver damage and irregular heart rhythm. A prescription for this medication is refillable. You should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled. Your doctor will write the number of refills authorized on your prescription. A family or class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way.
These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions. Azithromycin belongs to a drug class called macrolide antibiotics. Antibiotics are drugs used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Each antibiotic only works against infections caused by certain types of bacteria, so there are many classes and types of antibiotics. Macrolide antibiotics are typically used to treat infections such as strep throat, syphilis, Lyme disease, and respiratory infections. The other macrolide antibiotics available in the United States are clarithromycin and erythromycin.
There are other drugs available to treat your condition. Some may be better suited for you than others. Talk to your doctor about other drug options that may work for you. One difference is that while both of these drugs work by killing bacteria, they do it in different ways. Azithromycin belongs to the class of drugs called macrolide antibiotics, as described in this article.
Amoxicillin belongs to a class called beta-lactam antibiotics. This is a large class that includes drugs such as penicillin. Azithromycin and amoxicillin can be used to treat several of the same conditions. These include bronchitis, sinusitis, strep throat, pneumonia, ear infections, skin infections, and lower respiratory infections.
However, they have differences. Azithromycin can also be used to treat gonorrhea , mycobacterium avium complex, and pelvic inflammatory disease. And amoxicillin can also be used to treat urinary tract infections and H.
The greatest difference to you may be how often you need to take them. Azithromycin may be taken once per day for one to five days, depending on the condition being treated.
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Amoxicillin is often taken two or three times per day for 10 to 14 days. Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or other healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects.
The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses. Antibiotics are prescription drugs that help treat infections. Some of the more common infections treated with antibiotics include bronchitis…. Azithromycin is a commonly used antibiotic for a number of infections caused by bacteria.
If you've been prescribed this antibiotic, you may be…. If you've ever been prescribed antibiotics, you've likely been told that it may make your birth control less effective. Here's what the research says.